Below will take you to lists of colleges and universities in the United States, organised by state and Census Region, as well as listings of American schools that are situated outside of the United States and its territories.
Here are the list of universities in United States:
  • Connecticut College
  • Massachusetts Institute and Technology
  • Harvard University
  • Princeton University
  • Yale University

 

Connecticut College:

Universities

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In response to Wesleyan University’s decision to no longer admit women, the college was founded in 1911. Elizabeth C. Wright and other Wesleyan alumni persuaded others to start this new college by promoting the growing need among women for higher education.In order to achieve this, the institution was established as the Connecticut College for Women. Their first endowment was funded by contributions from the city of New London, its citizens, and a handful of affluent benefactors. Charles P. Alexander of Waterford owned the historic dairy farm where the college now stands. He passed away in 1904, and his wife Harriet (Jerome) Alexander passed away in 1911. Their son Frank gave a sizable portion of the land to the trustees to establish Connecticut College.

When the college turned 20 years old on October 12, 1935, The Hartford Daily Times published the following article: “Students were allowed entry to the college on September 27, 1915. The incoming class included 151 registered students, including 99 freshmen, 52 special students, and degree candidates. A excellent 23-member faculty had been hired, and a 6,000-volume library had been assembled.” In 1969, the college switched to a co-ed environment because, according to President Charles E. Shain, there was evidence that women were losing interest in going to women’s colleges.

Since December 1932, Connecticut College has been continually accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education. (Before 2018, NECHE was known as the New England Association of Schools and Colleges’ Commission on Institutions of Higher Education.) The most recent comprehensive reaccreditation of Connecticut College took conducted in the spring of 2018.

 

Academics:

The academics at the college are divided into 31 academic departments, seven interdisciplinary programmes, 41 standard majors, and the option for students to choose their own programmes of study. Students at Connecticut College will begin taking part in a brand-new, interdisciplinary general education programme called Connections with the class of 2020.Under the supervision of a professor, students at Connecticut College are encouraged to present their research at conferences and publish their findings.93% of the 182 full-time instructors at the college in 2017–18 have doctorates or comparable degrees. A 9 to 1 student to instructor ratio is typical.

 

Admissions:

According to U.S. News & World Report, admission to the college is “more selective.”2,538 of the 6,784 applications received by the institution for the Class of 2023 (coming in the autumn of 2019) were approved, making up 37.4% of the applicant pool. Of the entering class’s 68% who submitted SAT scores, the middle 50% ranges were 650–710 for evidence–based reading and 660–740 for math.

 

Rankings:

Connecticut College placed 55th (tied) among liberal arts colleges in the 2022 U.S. News & World Report college rankings, 63rd (tied) for “Best Undergraduate Teaching,” 40th (tied) for “Most Innovative,” 69th for “Best Value,” and tied for 144th for “Top Performers in Social Mobility.”In 2020, Connecticut College was ranked 27th out of 218 liberal arts institutions in the United States by Washington Monthly based on its contribution to the public good as determined by social mobility, research, and fostering public service. In its ranking of 650 liberal arts colleges, universities, and service academies for 2019, Forbes placed Connecticut College 128th overall, 55th among liberal arts colleges, 62nd in the Northeast, and 96th among private colleges.The New England Commission of Higher Education has granted Connecticut College accreditation.

 

Campus:

There are three residential zones on the main campus. The most recent residence halls are located on the North Campus. Near various academic buildings on the west side of Tempel Green, on the South Campus, are residence halls. Plant House and Blackstone House, which were established in 1914, are the oldest dorms on campus.

The Charles E. Shain Library and the Greer Music Library, both of which are housed in the Cummings Arts Center, are Connecticut College’s two main libraries. More than 500,000 volumes, journals, and electronic resources are kept in the Shain Library, which also includes the Charles Chu Asian Art Reading Room and the Linda Lear Center for Special Collections and Archives.The Lear Center is home to more than 50 book, manuscript, and artwork collections, as well as research archives for Beatrix Potter, Rachel Carson, and Eugene O’Neill.The Chu-Griffis Art Collection’s permanent exhibition is housed in the Charles Chu Asian Art Reading Room, which also functions as a peaceful reading room.

The College Center at Crozier-Williams, sometimes known as “Cro,” is the student centre and is situated in the centre of the campus. The campus post office, the Oasis Snack Shop, the Connecticut College bookshop (which also serves as a small convenience store), and the Humphrey’s bar are all located in the student centre (formerly The Cro Bar). Additionally, there are offices for student services, faculty offices, and performance spaces for the dance department.

 

AOL CEO Tim Armstrong, New York Times best-selling authors Sloane Crosley, Hannah Tinti, and David Grann, Academy Award-winning actress Estelle Parsons, fashion designer Peter Som, National Baseball Hall of Fame director Jeff Idelson, philanthropist Nan Kempner, Beyond Meat founder Ethan Brown, Senior Federal District Judge Kimba Wood, and American Olympic rower are just a few notable Connecticut College graduates.

                

Massachusetts Institute and Technology: 

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In Cambridge, Massachusetts, there is a private land-grant research institution called the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). One of the most prominent and highly regarded academic institutions in the world, MIT was founded in 1861 and has contributed significantly to the advancement of contemporary science and technology.

MIT was established in response to the growing industrialization of the US and followed the model of the polytechnic universities in Europe, emphasising laboratory training in applied science and engineering. The other two private land-grant institutions in the US are Tuskegee University and Cornell University. MIT is one of them. The institute’s urban campus, which is more than a mile (1.6 km) long and runs alongside the Charles River, is home to a number of significant off-campus buildings, including the Bates Center, the Haystack Observatory, and the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, as well as affiliated research facilities like the Broad and Whitehead Institutes.

98 Nobel laureates, 26 Turing Award winners, and 8 Fields Medalists have ties to MIT as alumni, faculty, or researchers as of December 2021. MIT has also been associated with 58 National Medal of Science winners, 29 National Medals of Technology and Innovation winners, 50 MacArthur Fellows, 83 Marshall Scholars, 41 astronauts, 16 Chief Scientists of the US Air Force, and a number of heads of state. The university also boasts a vibrant entrepreneurship culture, and many well-known businesses were started by or co-founded by MIT graduates.In comparison to other universities, MIT has received the most Sloan Research Fellowships and Hertz Fellowships. MIT is also a member of the Association of American Universities.

 

Academics:

The majority of students at the sizable, largely residential, research institution known as MIT are enrolled in graduate and professional programmes.  The New England Association of Schools and Colleges has granted the university its accreditation since 1929. The academic year at MIT is structured as 4-1-4, with the spring semester starting in early February and concluding in late May, a 4-week “Independent Activities Period” in January, and the autumn semester starting after Labor Day and ending in mid-December. 

MIT students only use numbers or acronyms to identify their majors and classes.  Course numbers for departments and their associated majors roughly correlate to the sequence in which those departments were founded; for instance, Civil and Environmental Engineering is Course 1, whereas Linguistics and Philosophy is Course 24. The most popular department’s Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) majors refer to one another as “Course 6.” For example, the introductory calculus-based classical mechanics course at MIT is simply designated “8.01”; MIT students use a combination of the department’s course number and the number issued to the class to identify their courses.

 

Rankings:

In numerous overall rankings of universities (see table above) as well as rankings based on the preferences of students, MIT consistently ranks in the top five institutions. The MIT School of Engineering has consistently received top rankings from U.S. News & World Study, QS World University Rankings, and the Academic Ranking of World Universities, as well as from the 1995 National Research Council report. MIT performs best in the same rankings in computer science, the natural sciences, business, architecture, economics, linguistics, mathematics, and to a lesser extent in political science and philosophy, aside from engineering.

Along with Berkeley, Cambridge, Harvard, Oxford, and Stanford, MIT has been named one of the “six super brands” of the world by Times Higher Education in its World Reputation Rankings. In 2019, SCImago Institutions Rankings placed it third among universities worldwide. MIT was ranked as the second-best university for the arts and humanities in 2017 by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. The Nature Index Annual Tables, which track the largest contributors to papers published in 82 top journals, placed MIT at #7 in 2015 and #6 in 2017. According to Georgetown University academics, MIT has the third-highest 20-year return on investment in the US.

 

Graduate Program:

Numerous suitable students from both the graduate and undergraduate programmes at MIT take classes together often. In addition to professional degrees like the Master of Business Administration, MIT also provides a complete doctoral programme with degrees in the humanities, social sciences, and STEM subjects (MBA). The Institute offers graduate programmes that lead to academic degrees like the Master of Science (SM at MIT), different Engineer’s Degrees, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), and Doctor of Science (ScD), as well as interdisciplinary graduate programmes like the MD-PhD (with Harvard Medical School) and a joint programme in oceanography with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Graduate programme admission is decentralised; candidates submit their applications directly to the department or degree programme. More than 90% of PhD students receive funding from fellowships, RAs, or teaching assistantships (TAs). 

 

Organization and Administration:

A privately selected board of trustees known as the MIT Corporation owns and runs MIT, which is registered as a non-profit organisation. The current board is made up of four ex officio members, 25 life members who can vote until they turn 75, 43 elected members serving five-year terms, and three elected executives (President, Treasurer, and Secretary) (the president of the alumni association, the Governor of Massachusetts, the Massachusetts Secretary of Education, and the Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court).

The panel is presided over by Diane Greene, SM ’78, who was also the co-founder and former CEO of Google Cloud and VMware. The President is chosen by the Corporation to act as the institution’s main executive officer and to oversee the faculty of the Institute. The Corporation also approves the budget, new programmes, degrees, and faculty appointments. MIT Investment Management Company is a subsidiary that oversees the management of MIT’s endowment and other financial assets (MITIMCo). MIT’s endowment was then the sixth-largest among American colleges and universities, valued at $16.4 billion in 2018.

MIT has one college (Schwarzman College of Computing), five schools (Science, Engineering, Architecture and Planning, Management, and Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences), but no schools of law or medicine. The dean of each of MIT’s 32 academic departments, who in turn reports to the Provost under the President, is responsible for overseeing that school’s curriculum, research, student life, and administrative affairs. Faculty committees exercise significant control over many aspects of MIT’s curriculum, research, and student life. L. Rafael Reif, the current president, formerly worked as provost for President Susan Hockfield, the first woman to occupy the position. In January 2023, Sally Kornbluth, a cell biologist and provost at Duke University, will take over as president of MIT.

Many of MIT’s more than 120,000 graduates have found great success in business, education, government service, and scientific research. As of October 2020, 61 Marshall Scholars, 48 Rhodes Scholars, and 3 Mitchell Scholars have all graduated from MIT. Additionally, 41 alumni have received the Nobel Prize.

 

Harvard University:

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In Cambridge, Massachusetts, there is a private Ivy League research university called Harvard University. The oldest higher education facility in the United States and one of the most famous and highly regarded universities in the world, Harvard University was originally founded in 1636 as Harvard College and named after its first benefactor, the Puritan clergyman John Harvard. 

The institution has twelve academic faculties in addition to the Harvard Radcliffe Institute. The Faculty of Arts and Sciences offers study in a variety of undergraduate and graduate academic fields, while other faculties exclusively offer graduate degrees, including professional degrees. There are three primary campuses for Harvard: the 209-acre (85 ha) Cambridge campus, located around Harvard Yard; a neighbouring site, located just over the Charles River in the Boston neighbourhood of Allston; and the medical campus, located in the city’s Longwood Medical Area. Harvard is the wealthiest academic school in the world thanks to its endowment, which is estimated to be worth $50.9 billion.

Numerous heads of state, Nobel laureates, Fields Medalists, members of Congress, MacArthur Fellows, Rhodes Scholars, Marshall Scholars, and Fulbright Scholars are just a few of the individuals who have attended Harvard over the course of its existence. By most measures, Harvard is among the top universities in the world for its alumni in each of these categories. It has the most living billionaires among any university’s alumni, including eight U.S. presidents. Harvard has been associated with fourteen Turing Award winners. Ten Academy Awards, 48 Pulitzer Prizes, 110 Olympic medals (46 gold), and other prestigious business ventures have been launched by students and alumni.

Academics:

Harvard is a sizable, largely residential research institution that offers 134 graduate degrees, 32 professional degrees, and 50 undergraduate majors. Harvard awarded 1,665 baccalaureate degrees, 1,013 graduate degrees, and 5,695 professional degrees during the 2018–19 academic year.

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The undergraduate programme is four years long and full-time, with a focus on the liberal arts and sciences. Undergraduates often enrol in four courses per semester in order to graduate in the standard four years. An honours degree in the majority of majors calls for senior thesis work and advanced coursework. The average class size in introductory courses is 12, despite some having significant enrollments.

 

Rankings:

Since it was first published, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) has consistently named Harvard as the best university in the world. From 2004 through 2009, Times Higher Education and QS published the Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings, which included Harvard at the top every year. Since the 2011 release of the THE World Reputation Rankings, Harvard has retained that position. In 2019, SCImago Institutions Rankings gave it the top spot globally. In the 2019 study from the Center for Measuring University Performance, it was listed among Columbia, MIT, and Stanford in the top tier of American research universities. The New England Commission of Higher Education has granted Harvard University accreditation.

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) has regularly ranked Harvard as the top university in the world ever since it was first released. Harvard consistently ranked first in the Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings, which were published from 2004 through 2009 by Times Higher Education and QS. Since the THE World Reputation Rankings were first published in 2011, Harvard has maintained its ranking. It was ranked first worldwide in the SCImago Institutions Rankings for 2019. It was included in the top tier of American research universities in the 2019 study from the Center for Measuring University Performance, with Columbia, MIT, and Stanford. Accreditation for Harvard University has been given by the New England Commission of Higher Education.

 

Alumni:

Lists of Harvard University individuals, Harvard University non-graduate alumni, and Harvard University Nobel laureates are the main articles.

Harvard graduates have made substantial and innovative contributions to society, the arts and sciences, business, and national and international politics over the course of more than three and a half centuries. Eight former presidents of the United States, 188 billionaires who are still alive, 79 Nobel laureates, 7 Fields Medal winners, 9 Turing Award winners, 369 Rhodes Scholars, 252 Marshall Scholars, and 13 Mitchell Scholars are among the alumni of Harvard. The 10 Academy Awards, 48 Pulitzer Prizes, 108 Olympic medals, including 46 gold medals, and numerous well-known businesses around the world have all been won by Harvard students and graduates.

 

 

Princeton University:

 

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Here, “Princeton” is redirected. See Princeton, New Jersey for information on the New Jersey community. To learn more, go to Princeton (disambiguation).

Private Ivy League research institution Princeton University is located in Princeton, New Jersey. Princeton is the fourth-oldest school of higher learning in the country and one of the nine colonial institutions established before the American Revolution. Princeton was established in Elizabeth in 1746 as the College of New Jersey. [8] It is one of the best universities in the world, according to [9][a]. [14] In 1747, the institution relocated to Newark; nine years later, it moved to its present location. It changed its name to Princeton University after becoming a university in 1896.

The upperclassmen dining clubs of Princeton, which operates on a residential college system, are well-known. More than 500 student organisations are present at the campus. The many different customs from the past and present are embraced by Princeton students. In the Ivy League, the university competes as an NCAA Division I institution. The Princeton Tigers, the school’s sports team, have taken home the most conference championships and have sent numerous current students and alumni to the Olympics.

 

Campus:

In Princeton, New Jersey, the main campus covers 600 acres (2.4 km2) and has more than 200 buildings. The James Forrestal Campus, a more compact site intended primarily as a research and education facility, is split between South Brunswick and the surrounding Plainsboro. The campuses are located roughly an hour’s train ride from Philadelphia and New York City, respectively. In West Windsor Township, where Princeton plans to build a graduate student housing complex called “Lake Campus North,” the institution also owns more than 520 acres (2.1 km2) of land.

Lake Carnegie, a man-made lake with Andrew Carnegie’s name on it, is located on the campus’ southern edge. In 1906, Carnegie provided the funding for the building of the lake at the request of a friend and his brother, both Princeton alums. Carnegie hoped that Princeton students would give up football after having the chance to learn to row because he thought it was “not gentlemanly.” Princeton rowing’s administrative centre is still located at the Shea Rowing Center on the bank of the lake.

Between 1912 and 1943, Beatrix Farrand created the grounds at Princeton. Her contributions were most recently honoured by having a courtyard named after her. In 2000, Quennell Rothschild & Partners enacted more modifications to the environment. For Princeton’s 2016 Campus Plan, Michael Van Valkenburgh was hired in 2005 as a new consultant landscape architect. In order to focus on the 17 gardens that are spread out over the campus, Lynden B. Miller was asked to collaborate with him as Princeton’s consulting gardening architect.

 

Organization and Administration:

Christopher Eisgruber, who was chosen by the university’s board of trustees in 2013, is Princeton’s 20th and current president. The board is in charge of determining the university’s general course. Its membership fluctuates between 23 and 40 members, with the university president and the governor of New Jersey serving as ex officio members. It determines the operational and capital budgets, monitors the endowment’s investments, and is in charge of campus real estate and long-term physical planning. The trustees also have the authority to evaluate and approve important policy changes in advance, including those that affect admissions, tuition and fees, and the hiring of faculty members, as well as instructional programmes.

The undergraduate college, graduate school, school of architecture, school of applied science and engineering, and school of public and international affairs make up the university. In addition, the university’s Bendheim Center for Finance serves as a substitute for a business school by teaching students about money and finance. A Princeton Law School did exist for a brief time in Princeton, but it was forced to close in 1852 owing to financial difficulties. The university’s emphasis on undergraduates can be used as an explanation for Princeton’s absence of additional professional schools.

The endowment of Princeton University, at $37.7 billion (as of 2021 statistics), was the fourth-largest endowment in the United States, and it had the highest endowment per student in the entire globe at almost $4.4 million. The endowment is administered by investment advisors and is sustained by ongoing donations. Over $2 billion is spent annually on running expenses at Princeton, with 50% going to academic departments and programmes, 33% to administrative and student services, 10% to financial assistance departments, and 7% going to the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory.

Ranking:

For the ninth year running, Princeton topped the U.S. News rankings in 2021.    Princeton dropped from top position in the 2020 rankings to fourth place for undergrad teaching in 2021.  Princeton was rated seventh among the top colleges in the world by Times Higher Education in 2022.  It received the 20th overall ranking in the world in the 2022 QS World University Rankings. 

13 of Princeton’s 14 graduate programmes were ranked in their respective top 10s in the 2021 U.S. News & World Report “Graduate School Rankings” (with Engineering coming in 22nd), 7 of them in the top 5, and two in the top slot (Economics and Mathematics).

 

Research:

In the category “R1: Doctoral Universities – Very High Research Activity,” Princeton is listed. According to information for the 2020 fiscal year, the university’s main campus received over $250 million in sponsored research, of which 81.4% came from the government, 12.1% from foundations, 5.5% from industry, and 1.0% from private and other sources. The Plasma Physics Lab received an extra $120 million in funded research, for a total of $370 million for the main campus and the lab. In terms of research spending, the university came in 72nd out of 902 universities in 2017.

 

Admissions:

The Common Application, the Coalition Application, and the QuestBridge Application are three different ways to apply to Princeton. A graded written paper and a number of writing supplements are required for the Princeton application.

5.8% of undergraduate candidates were accepted into Princeton’s highly competitive undergraduate programme for the 2019–2020 admissions season (for the Class of 2024). The middle 50% ranges for the SAT and ACT composite scores were 1470–1560 and 33–35, respectively, with a 3.91 average high school GPA. Princeton received 12,553 graduate admissions applications in the 2021–2022 academic year, but only admitted 1,322 of them, for a yield percentage of 51%.

After a three-decade hiatus, Princeton brought its transfer students programme back in 2018. The programme supports candidates from low-income families, the military, and community colleges.

 

 

Yale University:

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In New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University is a private Ivy League research institution. It is the third-oldest higher education school in the United States and one of the most prominent in the entire world, having been established in 1701 as the Collegiate School.

The Collegiate School was founded in 1701 by clergy to train Congregational preachers and was chartered by the Connecticut Colony before relocating to New Haven in 1716. By the time of the American Revolution, the curriculum had expanded to include the humanities and sciences in addition to its original focus on theology and sacred languages. [Reference needed] The college grew into graduate and professional education in the 19th century, conferring the first PhD in the United States in 1861, and becoming a university in 1887. After 1890, Yale’s staff and student bodies expanded quickly as a result of scientific research and campus construction.

 

Administration and Organization:

As the university’s governing body, the President and Fellows of Yale College, usually referred to as the Yale Corporation or board of trustees, is made up of thirteen standing committees, each of which has specific duties stated in the university’s bylaws. Three ex officio members, ten successor trustees, and six chosen alumni fellows make up the corporation’s 19 members. Yale College (the undergraduate programme), the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and the twelve professional schools make up the university’s three main academic divisions.

Richard C. Levin, a former president of Yale, earned $1.5 million in 2008, making him one of the best paid university presidents in the country at the time. Peter Salovey, Yale’s incoming president, is ranked 40th with a $1.16 million salary for 2020.

There are also comparable instances of males who have held senior positions at Yale. Richard H. Brodhead, dean of Yale College, was chosen to lead Duke University in 2004. Provost Andrew Hamilton’s appointment as the vice chancellor of the University of Oxford was confirmed in 2008.

 

Campus:

Its main, historic campus and a medical site next to the Yale-New Haven Hospital make up Yale’s 260-acre (1.1 km2) central campus in downtown New Haven. The institution has 500 acres (2.0 km2) of athletic facilities in western New Haven, including the Yale Golf Course. In West Haven, Connecticut, Yale acquired the 17-building, 136-acre (0.55 km2) former Bayer HealthCare complex in 2008. These facilities are now used for research and laboratory purposes. Yale also owns seven forests, including Horse Island, in Connecticut, Vermont, and New Hampshire. The largest of them is the 7,840-acre (31.7 km2) Yale-Myers Forest in Connecticut’s Quiet Corner.

In addition to its largely Collegiate Gothic campus, Yale is known for a number of iconic modern structures that are frequently covered in architectural history survey courses. These include the Yale Art Gallery and Center for British Art by Louis Kahn, the Ingalls Rink and the Ezra Stiles and Morse Colleges by Eero Saarinen, and the Art & Architecture Building by Paul Rudolph. Along Hillhouse Avenue, which Charles Dickens deemed to be the most beautiful street in America during his 1840s visit, Yale also owns and has restored a number of notable 19th-century residences. The Yale campus was named one of the most beautiful in the country by Travel+Leisure in 2011.

On the Old Campus, there are more Gothic-style structures designed by Henry Austin, Charles C. Haight, and Russell Sturgis. Vanderbilt Hall, Phelps Hall, St. Anthony Hall (a commission for member Frederick William Vanderbilt), the Mason, Sloane, and Osborn laboratories, dormitories for the Sheffield Scientific School (Yale’s engineering and sciences school until 1956), and parts of Silliman College, the largest residential college, are just a few of the structures connected to the Vanderbilt family.

Alumnus The Bell Labs Holmdel Complex, the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, the main terminal of Washington Dulles International Airport, the CBS Building in Manhattan, and other notable structures were designed by Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen. He also created Ingalls Rink, which was dedicated in 1959, as well as the residential colleges Ezra Stiles and Morse. These latter were based on the mediaeval Italian hill town of San Gimignano, which was chosen as a pattern because to its pedestrian-friendly atmosphere and fortification-like stone towers. The numerous Gothic spires and Georgian cupolas that dot the campus of Yale University are offset by these tower forms.

 

Rankings:

As it had for each of the previous sixteen years, U.S. News & World Report rated Yale third among national colleges in the United States for 2016. The New England Commission of Higher Education has granted Yale University accreditation.

Yale was placed tenth in the 2016-17 Nature Index for the quality of scientific research output, tenth in the 2016 CWUR World University Rankings, and eleventh overall in the 2016 Academic Ranking of World Universities.

The university was placed ninth in the Academic World Reputation Rankings and sixth in the 2016 Times Higher Education (THE) Global University Employability Rankings. According to SCImago Institutions Rankings, it was placed 27th among all universities in the globe in 2019.

Yale has a long history of graduating many notable people who have gone on to work in both the public and private sectors. Data from 2020 show that roughly 71% of students enter the employment, with 16.6% going on to graduate or professional school as the next largest majority. 252 Rhodes Scholarships, 123 Marshall Scholarships, 67 Truman Scholarships, 21 Churchill Scholarships[228], and 9 Mitchell Scholarships have been awarded to Yale graduates. The university has also produced 89 MacArthur Fellows and 1,199 Fulbright Scholars, making it the second-largest producer in history. When it came to research institutions that produced the most 2020–2021 Fulbright Scholars, Yale was placed fifth by the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. 31 billionaires who are still alive today are Yale graduates.