Tips for a healthy digestive system

digestive system

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There are many things you can do to enhance your gut health and maintain your digestive system functioning normally when it comes to how to improve digestion. Some are simple to put into practice, like buying one of the top water bottles to stay hydrated, while others may require some getting used to. This article offers several useful suggestions if your digestive system is slow or having trouble.

Have you ever considered the importance of your digestive system to your general health?

Your digestive system, also known as “your gut,” is a very complex environment that serves several essential purposes. The primary site for enzymatic food digestion and nutrient absorption is the small intestine. The big intestine or colon helps your body eliminate waste and other stuff it doesn’t need while absorbing a lot of water and electrolytes. The large intestine is also in charge of controlling intestinal health, especially because of its intricate microbiota, which supports the preservation of intestinal function.

Why Is It So Important To Keep Your Gut’s Microflora In A Healthy Balance?

Every person has a unique set of intestinal-dwelling microbes (bacteria, yeast, and fungi) that make up their gut microflora. Unbalanced gut microbiota might have an impact on general health. This equilibrium can be upset by stress, becoming older, going through menopause, taking drugs, eating an imbalanced diet, and having an acute or chronic intestinal ailment. 

Probiotics should be a part of your everyday regimen for several reasons. Probiotics have been demonstrated to provide a number of distinct health advantages, including supporting gut and immune health and assisting in the maintenance of a balanced gut microbiota, which is necessary for the efficient operation of the digestive system and the immune system.

How can you encourage the health of your own digestive system?

  • Consume fewer, smaller meals more frequently without increasing your daily caloric intake.
  • Avoid skipping breakfast and consuming heavy meals late at night.
  • Include high-fiber foods, five servings a day of fruit and vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.
  • 3 to 5 times per week, consume fish.
  • Reduce consumption of fried, greasy, and foods high in animal fat.
  • Consume fermented dairy products to enhance your digestive health because they include probiotics.
  • Pick lean cuts of beef, hog, or lamb, as well as poultry like chicken, turkey, or rabbit.
  • Drink 2 liters of water daily and limit your intake of alcoholic, sugary, and caffeinated beverages.
  • Eat slowly, and make sure you chew your meal thoroughly.
  • Make an effort to live healthfully: exercise regularly and abstain from smoking.
  • Maintain a healthy body mass index: aim to achieve your ideal body weight.

We’ll go through how to improve your digestion, including how to consume more fiber, exercise more, and cut back on foods and unhelpful lifestyle habits that contribute to constipation, gas, and bloating. Additionally, we provide information on probiotics, including what they are and how they work to whether they’re worth taking as a dietary supplement.

If you have a sensitive stomach or a health issue that affects your gastrointestinal tract, which is the part of your body responsible for processing food, you could feel nauseous or uneasy after eating certain foods, like spicy foods. Here is a list of common foods that cause digestive problems, suggestions for replacement foods, and foods that improve digestion to help maintain your GI system functioning normally.

Foods to Limit for Digestion

There are a number of foods that are known to aggravate digestion. Consider limiting or eliminating the following foods and pay attention to your body:

Foods high in fat and fried

Overloading the stomach with high-fat and fried foods can cause acid reflux and heartburn. According to Jessica Anderson, RD, a diabetic educator at the Texas A&M Coastal Bend Health Education Center in Corpus Christi, “the body can only handle so much at one time.” According to StatPearls, eating high-fat foods can also cause steatorrhea, which is basically extra fat in the feces and results in pale-colored stools. According to Anderson, many IBS sufferers need to avoid foods high in fat since they can aggravate their digestive issues. Here are a few additional foods that can upset your stomach besides those that are high in fat.

Chilli peppers

This essential component of spicy food can aggravate the esophagus and cause heartburn discomfort. IBS patients and those who already experience chronic heartburn may find it particularly difficult to consume chili peppers, according to Tim McCashland, MD, a gastroenterologist at the University of Nebraska Medical Center.


Dairy products, such as milk and cheese, are a simple method to receive the calcium you need in your diet. For people who are lactose intolerant, dairy might, however, result in cramps, gas, bloating, and diarrhea. Lactose intolerance develops when a person doesn’t produce enough lactase, an enzyme that breaks down lactose, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (the sugar found in milk). Chemotherapy, Crohn’s disease, and celiac disease can harm the intestines and cause lactose intolerance. Avoid dairy if you are lactose intolerant to avoid unpleasant digestive symptoms


Alcohol not only helps to relax the body but also the esophageal sphincter. Heartburn or acid reflux may result from this. Drinking can also irritate the lining of the stomach, affecting some enzymes and reducing the absorption of nutrients, according to Anderson. Moderate amounts of alcohol shouldn’t aggravate the digestive tract unless you have a gastrointestinal disease, but excessive alcohol can cause diarrhea and cramping.

Tea, Coffee, and Soft Drinks

According to Anderson, coffee, tea, and carbonated drinks can function as diuretics, which can cause diarrhea and cramps, in addition to too relaxing the esophageal sphincter, which keeps stomach acid contained in the stomach. Particular issues can arise from drinking coffee, especially for those who suffer from gastric reflux illness (GERD). Anderson advised against drinking mint tea if you have GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) or heartburn, but it can soothe the stomach. This is due to the fact that while regular consumption of peppermint tea may exacerbate GERD symptoms, it may also ease gassiness, nausea, and vomiting. Everything relies on the signs and circumstances.


Anderson speculated that the real villain in this story might not be chocolate. The real offender in chocolate, for those who have allergies to milk, is the milk component. The caffeine in chocolate can also cause cramps, bloating, or diarrhea in IBS sufferers—even those without lactose intolerance or dairy allergies.


Corn which is high in fiber is healthy for you, but it also contains cellulose, a form of fiber that is difficult for humans to break down because we lack the required enzyme. With bigger, more powerful teeth, “our evolutionary forebears were probably able to break it down,” said Anderson. Anderson continued, “I think you can probably digest maize just well if you eat it longer.” However, if you choose to wolf it down, it can go straight through you undigested and cause gas and abdominal pain.

Alternative foods that are easier to digest

If you are lactose intolerant or experience stomach discomfort after eating one of the above foods, there are fortunately plenty of alternatives. For instance, there are a variety of lactose-free milk, cheese, ice cream, and other dairy products available. For individuals who adore chocolate but must refrain from consuming dairy products, there is also dairy-free chocolate.

Additionally, several brewers produce non-alcoholic versions of beer for those who want an alternative to alcohol. There are also inventive ways to create “mocktails,” allowing you to enjoy a delightful beverage without experiencing the negative effects of excessive alcohol consumption. And when it comes to other libations like coffee, tea, and soft drinks, it’s crucial to read labels and be mindful of your triggers. For people who find coffee with a greater acidic content annoying, low-acidity coffee is an option. If caffeine triggers your digestive system, several herbal teas are caffeine-free. Black and green tea are also available without caffeine.

Foods that promote digestion

Fortunately, there are many healthy food options that are normally acceptable for those with sensitive stomachs, despite the fact that there is a large list of items to avoid in order to reduce digestive disturbance. Nevertheless, depending on your unique dietary requirements and health situation, you might still need to use caution.

Seeds and Berries

Berries, like blueberries, are beneficial to your health since they are organic sources of fiber. Nuts and seeds fit the same description. But it’s advisable to eat these two things in proportion when it comes to both of them. Berries have a high fructose content, which some people may find difficult to digest. Up to 40% of people in the Western Hemisphere may actually have fructose malabsorption, according to MedlinePlus. Eating foods containing fructose, such as fruit, can result in unpleasant GI symptoms as bloating, gassiness, diarrhea, or constipation.


Yogurt contains some of the beneficial bacteria that are present in your gut and aid in proper digestion. Check the label for “live and active cultures” as not all yogurts include them.

Yogurt contains bacteria that restore the gastrointestinal tract’s normal flora, keeping it healthy, according to Dr. McCashland.


Koreans love kimchi, which is often cooked with cabbage, radish, or onion with a variety of spices. The primary component is typically cabbage, which helps the colon’s good bacteria proliferate. According to Anderson, cabbage has a non-digestible kind of fiber that aids in removing waste and maintaining regular bowel motions. The same reasoning applies to sauerkraut. However, this dish can be spicy, so it might not be a smart choice if you’ve discovered that spicy foods cause you to have digestive issues.

Lean Fish and Meat

If you must eat meat, choose chicken, fish, and other lean meats instead of a steak because they are easier to digest. According to Anderson, red meats are typically fattier. Your body can manage lean meats, fish, and chicken much better than prime rib, according to this statement. Leaner foods, which are defined as meats and fish with lower fat contents, tend to be better tolerated than fattier meats and animal products, according to StatPearls. Furthermore, unlike high-fat red foods, lean meats and fish have not been linked to an increased risk of colon cancer. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that although further research is required, there is evidence linking red meat consumption to colon cancer.

Whole grains

Whole grains are a good source of fiber, which aids with digestion. Examples of such grains are whole-wheat bread, oats, and brown rice. Fiber is something that America lacks, according to Anderson. “We only receive maybe 12 grams a day, but we need 20 to 30.” Fiber can also make you feel full and lower your cholesterol, but if you fast increase your intake, it can also make you bloated, and gassy, and cause other issues. It’s best to increase your intake gradually. Additionally, anyone with celiac disease or gluten intolerance should stay away from wheat.


Bananas, particularly if you have diarrhea, aid to reestablish normal digestive function. They are a component of the BRAT diet, according to StatPearls. BRAT, which stands for bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, is an anti-vomiting and anti-diarrheal diet. According to MedlinePlus, they also aid in replacing electrolytes like potassium that may have been lost as a result of dehydration. Additionally loaded with fiber to aid with digestion, this fruit. I always recommend eating one banana per day, Anderson stated.


According to StatPearls, this spice has been used for thousands of years to treat a wide range of ailments, including GI upset, vomiting, and nausea.

Nevertheless, StatPearls advises consuming ginger in moderation. This is because consuming more than 4 grams a day may result in unfavorable side effects including GI pain. Among other potential adverse effects, doses of 6 grams or more can result in reflux, heartburn, and diarrhea.

A Brief Overview

Individuals will have different food triggers. For instance, someone with lactose sensitivity will probably require a different diet than someone with celiac disease. Pay attention to how various foods make you feel if you have a sensitive stomach or a diagnosis that affects how your body digests food, regardless of the precise ailment.Take attention and think about modifying your diet if you feel fantastic after eating some meals but awful after eating others. Additionally, seek counsel from a healthcare professional if you experience any new or worrisome GI symptoms.